# 10 Activities for Describing 3D Shapes in Kindergarten

**Describing 3D shapes** in kindergarten is now an expectation as it is a key geometry standard. This standard focuses on four main 3D shapes:

**cylinder****sphere****cube****cone**

Students should be able to describe the faces, vertices, and edges of each shape.

So, what are some **3D shapes activities for kindergarten** and resources for practicing this standard?

Let’s dive in!

## 3D shapes in kindergarten

Look at the sequence of how we’ve taught shapes so far:

- First quarter we had to master the name of 2D shapes.
- Second quarter we gained mastery over the descriptions of those shapes (circle, triangle, rectangle, hexagon and square).
- This third quarter we are
**identifying 3D shapes**…

Can you guess what we’re working towards for next quarter?

If you tracked the logic, then you’re right. We’re going to be **3D shape description experts**.

I’ve been scoping out plans to incorporate this standard into little bits of our day so that way I can get in a lot of repetition *without* spending a lot of time practicing these standards:

- K.G.1.d. Identify and name the following shapes: cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres
- K.G.3.b. Identify shapes as three-dimensional and solid.
- K.G.4.b.
**Describe three-dimensional shapes**to identify their various attributes including faces and edges.

## Activities and resources

Here are some of my favorite resources that can do just that – work on this standard in little portions so students can master it – **without spending lots of time on it.**

1. Shape Description Chants – These chants are designed to be quick, familiar songs that teach. I love using songs to help students both recall important information and to practice.

These should help key in on the most important descriptions for each shape including the faces and vertices (corners). Download here [terms of use]

If we’re talking about **teaching 3D shapes kindergarten**-style, then using music is a must!

2. Shape Identification or Description Bingo – This classic game features both real-world examples and simple 3D shapes to practice identifying or describing shapes.

The shapes are also rotated since students are supposed to be able to identify them no matter the orientation.

3. 3D Shapes That I Know Video – You’ll appreciate the 3 minutes you spend watching this just a few times with your kinders.

The catchy tune will have this embedded in their minds to help them recall the names but also be able to compare it to real-world examples.

This** 3D shapes kindergarten** video is the perfect introduction to comparing why things that are all shaped like a cone have the same qualities (1 curved face… 1 flat circle face).

4. Hide-n-Seek Pirate Treasure – Turn this identification game into a describing game by hiding the treasure under a 3D shape card. Students call out a shape description in order to peek underneath.

The game continues until the pirate treasure chest has been found. Integrate this into your calendar time and give 2 chances a day to make quick, fun practice.

5. Poetry – Copy this poem onto pocket strips and work on connecting the real-world objects to the 3D shape names.

This names the main **3D shapes for kindergarten**.

6. 3D Fluency Mat – This mat is designed to work with small groups. I use a guided math approach to teach my kinders, so this is a warm-up activity for us.

It is quick to fit in and gives the right amount of repetition.

Turn it into an activity by describing a shape and the first one to identify/cover it gets to describe another shape and the play continues on.

7. Real Object Sort – This free download includes picture cards of real-world objects that students can sort into shape groupings.

It works great for categorizing and explaining why and what features the objects all have in common.

Laminate these cards and have students trace the 3D shape outline with wikki sticks to make it more interactive.

8. 3D Shape Booklet – Have the students create their own booklet by finding objects in the classroom (like a hunt) that are the same 3D shape.

You can always increase the level of describing by using colors to identify the types of faces, markers to trace the shape’s edges and glue on split peas to show the vertices (that are visible).

9. 3D Sorting Cards / Posters – These cards and posters make help you create your own activity or give your students real-world objects to sort.

This one features photographs instead of clipart (like number 7) so it may be more appealing to your students.

10. Eating 3D Shapes – Here are two ways that you could use foods:

Find any food is at the Dollar Tree that has the right 3D shape. Think: cylinder-shaped gum, cone-shaped Bugels, sphere-shaped cheese balls and cube-shaped caramels. Now, combine taste-testing with the booklet mentioned in number 8 of this list and have students draw or take photos for them to include.

Having all students explore how their shapes will move is definitely an activity to introduce **why certain shapes will move the same way**… For example, will all shapes with a curved face roll? Will they all slide? Why? Create an anchor chart of your findings to help make everything stick!

## Conclusion

There you have it – ten activities that you can use to practice describing shapes in kindergarten. I hope this collection will help you feel prepared and help you teach.

If you’re looking for a way to explain what the difference between 2D and 3D shapes are you should check out how to explain 3D shapes to kindergarten.

If you like what I do here on KindergartenWorks, then be sure to subscribe today. I look forward to sharing ideas with you weekly.

These are the best ideas I have found so far for my daughters geometry lesson. We will be doing most of them this week. I wanted to thank you for all of your hard work and ideas. I follow you on pinterest and I have used many of them in homeschooling my daughter who is in Kindergarten this year. I have found you to be an incredible resource. Thank you!!

Ok. My daughter is working on sorting 3d shapes by surface type. What’s the best way to explain that??

I’m assuming by “surface type” you’re referring to the types of faces? I found that the best way to learn that concept is to see what the shapes are capable of. We create a chart as a class to see if the shapes would roll, stack, or slide. Reminds me of this one: http://rainbowswithinreach.blogspot.com/2013/06/anchor-charts-organize-your-collection.html. Exploring if each shape could do these things led us to discuss what features (the curved or flat faces) allowed such actions to happen. It made the vocabulary stick and students could more easily see the shapes that went together based on their face types. I hope that can help!

– Leslie

Hi there! I was looking at this post on ways to teach 2D and 3D shapes, and for the very first resource, I see you have some songs/chants with the name of the song/tune on the side. I can’t for the life of me make these songs/chants go with the songs??? (they won’t fit) —-am I doing something wrong? Any suggestions? I look forward to hearing from you. Thanks

Hi Pam,

Well… I’m not sure how to explain how they fit other than I do sing some of the parts pretty fast. I tried to put each phrase on one line to help make it match. But the sphere song for example only covers the first few lines of 3 little kittens since it’s so short! Some day I’d love to turn them into a video for kinders… but I have more projects in the pipeline that come first.

– Leslie

Ok, thanks for your prompt reply. One more question- for #7, Real Object Sort, (for 3D shapes), it takes me to scribd, which I think I have to have a membership. Is there another way to get that particular one? Thanks again!

Pam

Hi Pam,

You’ll have to ask the owner. Sorry!

Thank you.

You’re very welcome!

– Leslie

I had already started this unit with the same video before finding your page! Such great ideas, all of them. I have a feeling the real life object & card sorting activities, the chant, and the food ones will work well but we will find out soon enough haha!

Thanks for sharing Veronica – and welcome!

– Leslie

Where is the link to the song?

Robyn, Click on the green words for the link.

– Leslie

It just pulls up the bingo cards 🙁 Any way you could send me the link?

Funny! This is the link: http://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/26192974/3d%20shape%20chants.pdf

Thanks for sharing all of these 3D resources! I can’t wait to do them with my daughter and share them with her classmates. I’ve pinned them onto our Math Board too. http://pinterest.com/educatorsspinon/math-activities/

Thanks for sharing! We are working on these skills, too. 🙂

ReadWriteSingThanks for sharing the great poster and bingo games!

That video is great. Thanks. I just pinned it.

Tammy

Forever in FirstI love that Teacher Tipster video! 🙂

Marvelous Multiagers!